A new definition of human

Photo by Jesse Orrico on Unsplash.

The brain is one of the most magnificent things in the universe. It is the most complex organ in the body and the source of our understanding of the world. It is what allows you to read this article while processing your surroundings and having a snack at the same time. Everything you touch, taste, feel, see, and hear is dependent on processing in the brain. Most importantly, our understanding of the brain is minuscule compared to other systems in our body: circulatory, respiratory, endocrine, digestive, and other bodily systems can at least be mapped…

A technical approach to understanding BCIs

Image by the author of source estimation using sample data.

Something about the brain evokes intrigue from almost anyone who views it; it is both ambiguous in its intricacy and specific in its action. Further, the sophistication of the brain demands a level of ingenuity and creativity when studying it.

In my previous article, An Introduction to Brain-Computer Interfaces¹, I have detailed some of the complexities of the brain and the associated neurotechnologies. These complexities can be difficult to understand, but certain tools allow almost anyone to be able to work with neuroimaging data and replicate scientific experiments².

The MNE-Python³ module is an open-source…

A commentary on the burden of consciousness

“Orpheus in Hades” made by Pierre Amédée Marcel-Beronneau in 1897

I fear the dragon. I fear what comes from it, including suicide.

Oh suicide, what is it really? For a truism of life is that no one knows about death.

But perhaps, it is a confession; a confession that life is too much for you or that you do not understand it.

I chuckle, is it worth the trouble dear Sisyphus?

The trouble of your rock, your boulder, your burden.

For I have asked “Why?” though I expect no answer.

Isn’t that absurd?

I chuckle, is it worth the trouble dear camel?


Using Algae DNA to revolutionize neuroscience and deconstruct mysteries of the brain

Photo from WIRED showing a fiber-optic cable implanted in the brain of a mouse used in optogenetics research (does not hurt the mouse)

“Wrong Number!”

Imagine you’re trying to call your friend about something personal, and instead of calling that friend, you call everyone on your contact list — at the same time. Or, maybe you want to send an email to a colleague about an important issue, but they aren’t responding. What do you do? You end up having to talk to everyone else just to reach them. You might call their home phone, other colleagues, and anyone else that might be able to reach them with this critically important issue.

This is similar to the issue we’re facing right now in neuroscience.


“The brain is the organ of destiny. It holds within its humming mechanism secrets that will determine the future of the human race” — Wilder Penfield

Images of functional connectivity between regions of interest in the brain based on the dataset I downloaded and processed

Intro to Connectomics

Imagine you are driving someplace new. A place you have not been in a while. Most people, including myself, would use Google Maps, or WaZe, to find their way to their destination. Consider, what would you do if you did not have a digital map available? You might ask someone else. Well… slight problem with that. What if no one else whom you had asked had ever been where you wanted to go? How…

Functional neurosurgery techniques re-applied for addiction

Image of Dr. Dilan Ellegala teaching Dr. Emmanuel Nuwas of Tanzania neurosurgical techniques

Not your Regular Story

“As a child I would go through periods where I couldn’t sleep, I didn’t want to go to school and I was constantly sick”. This statement was made by Beth McKay after she had Deep-Brain Stimulation (DBS) surgery performed on her by Dr. Kiss, a functional neurosurgeon in Calgary, AB. Beth’s story is one similar to many patients of treatment-resistant depression. She grew up pessimistic and a cynic which she thought was rooted in her realism. Even after she was prescribed anti-depressants and therapy Beth still noticed she functioned differently than everyone around her and she struggled getting out of…

“Medicine is a science of uncertainty and an art of probability” — William Osler

Image from Google Images

What is Addiction?

Addiction is a disease of the brain that is characterized by the continuous actions of an individual to obtain something despite harmful consequences to them and other aspects of their life. There are a variety of addictions: food, gambling, sex, and of course, drugs. When someone thinks of addiction, their mind normally goes to drugs.

The overwhelming impact drug addiction has on an individual, their family, and ultimately the larger collective around them cannot be understated. $700 billion is spent annually in the USA towards addiction and related costs, and more than 100 people die every day from drug overdoses…

Diagram from Google Images shows different parts of the forebrain and hindbrain.

Our brain is phenomenal. Its ability is endless, and the potential is limitless. Development starts in utero and changes still occur until the day we die. Our brain defines our individuality — our choices, emotions, personality. The piece of us that “holds” our consciousness, executes our decisions, and understands the world around us. Given the role our brain holds, it’s no wonder it is so complex. A part of this complexity is the variety of neurological disorders that millions of individuals across the world deal with on a daily basis. …

Image from Medical News Today
Image from Medical News Today
Image from Medical News Today

Drugs are everywhere — whether it’s opioids, psychostimulants, alcohol, or any kind of addictive drug. Over $700 billion is spent annually in the USA towards addiction and related costs. This remarkable sum reflects the significant impact of addiction on the USA and its foothold in many countries across the planet. However, treatment for addiction remains stagnant and needs to be improved.

Adam Gulamhusein

TEDx Speaker | HYRS Alum (Neurosurgical RA) | TKS Student | SHAD Alum | 2021 Calgary Brain Bee Winner

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